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meaning: "Ancestor lizard"
Named By: S. J, Nesbitt, C. A. Sidor, R. B. Irmis, K. D. Angielczyk, R. M. H. Smith & L. M. A. Tsuji in 2010
Time Period: Middle Triassic, 245 Ma
Location: Tanzania - Manda Beds Formation, Lifua Member
Size: Somewhere between 1 and 3 meters long
Diet: Uncertain
Fossil(s): Partial and fragmentary remains from several individuals
Classification: | Chordata | Reptilia | Archosauria | Ornithodira | Dinosauromorpha | Dinosauriformes | Silesauridae |

Asilisaurus ( a-SEE-lee-SAWR-as; from Swahili, asili ("ancestor" or "foundation"), and Greek, sauros (sauros, "lizard") is an extinct genus of silesaurid archosaur. It is one of the oldest known animals on the dinosaur/pterosaur side of the archosaurian tree (the Avemetatarsalia), dating to about 245 million years ago.

Fossils were uncovered in Tanzania and date back to the Anisian stage of the Middle Triassic. It was described in 2010 by a team of researchers from the United States, Germany, and South Africa, in the journal Nature; the type species is A. kongwe. It is the first example of an avian-line radiation during the Anisian, with the diversification of archosaurs during this time previously only documented from crocodylian-line archosaurs. It was the first non-dinosaurian dinosauriform recovered from Africa.

Asilisaurus measured from 1 to 3 metres (3 to 10 ft) long and 0.5 to 1 metre (2 to 3 ft) high at the hip, and weighed 10 to 30 kilograms (20 to 70 lb).

In a recently published research conducted by paleontologists from Virginia Tech, Asilisaurus was thought to be ontogenetically of polymorphism, just like a big family with siblings and cousins but differing in height or body mass. Researchers suggested that the early dinosaurs were also the case because of their close affinities. Through examining the muscle scars of femora of enough Asilisaurus specimens as well as histological studies, they proposed that instead of considering variations as sexual differences, they are better interpreted as individual differences.

Read more about Asilisaurus at Wikipedia
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