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meaning: "Zuolong dragon"
Named By: RuninFu Wang, HaiinLu You, SuoinZhu Wang, ShiinChao Xu, Jian Yi, LiinJuan Xie, Lei Jia & Hai Xing in 2016
Time Period: Late Cretaceous, Cenomanian
Location: China - Zhumapu Formation
Size: Uncertain due to lack of fossil remains, but estimated by the original describers to have been about eight meters long based upon a preserved ilium length of 62 centimetres
Diet: Herbivore
Fossil(s): Partial illium (part of the pelvis)
Classification: | Chordata | Reptilia | Dinosauria | Ornithischia | Ornithopoda | Iguanodontia | Hadrosauroidea |

Zuoyunlong is an extinct genus of herbivorous ornithischian dinosaur belonging to the Hadrosauroidea, that lived during the Late Cretaceous in the area of present China.

In 2015 the type species Zuoyunlong huangi was named and described by Wang Runfu, You Hailu, Wang Suozhu, Shichao Xu, Yi Jian, Xie Lijuan, Jia and Lei Xing Hai. The generic name refers to the prefecture of Zuoyun with the Chinese word long, "dragon". The specific name honors the Chinese paleontologist Huang Weilong.

The holotype, SXMG V 00 004, was found by the team of the Shanxi Regional Geological Survey in a layer of the Zhumapu Formation in the province of Shanxi which dates from the Cenomanian, roughly ninety-five million years old. It consists of two bones from the right-hand half of the pelvis, a partial right ilium with the field number ZY004-001 to which the cover sheet is missing, and the lower end of the shaft of the right ischium, field number ZY004-002. Additional specimens are unassigned.

The descriptors established a unique feature derived, or autapomorphy for this taxon: the back sheet of the ilium has only half the length of the main body. The ilium has a preserved length of sixty-two centimeter indicating a body length of about eight meters. The shaft of the buttock ends in a side view in large "foot" the tip of which points obliquely downwards and forwards. The shaft is much higher than transverse width.

An cladistic analysis found that Zuoyunlong had a basal position in the Hadrosauroidea, as sister taxon of Probactrosaurus. Zuoyulong was thus in 2015 the most basal hadrosauroid known from the Upper Cretaceous. As the oldest known hadrosauroid outside Asia, Eolambia and Protohadros from North America, also date from the Cenomanian, the descriptors considered that is likely that Zuoyunlong was close to the separation between the Asian and North American hadrosauroids.

Read more about Zuoyunlong at Wikipedia
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