|Named By:||Maglio in 1970|
|Time Period:||Late Pleistocene to Early Holocene, 0.06-0.011 Ma|
|Location:||Channel Islands of California - Including Santa Cruz, San Miguel and Santa Rosa|
|Size:||Up to 2.1 meters tall at the shoulder|
|Classification:||| Chordata | Mammalia | Proboscidea | Elephantidae | Mammuthus ||
The pygmy mammoth or Channel Islands mammoth (Mammuthus exilis) is an extinct species of dwarf elephant descended from the Columbian mammoth (M. columbi) of mainland North America. This species became extinct during the Quaternary extinction event in which many megafauna species became extinct due to changing conditions to which the species could not adapt. A case of island or insular dwarfism, from a recent analysis in 2010 it was determined that M. exilis was on average, 1.72 m (5.6 ft) tall at the shoulders and 760 kg (1,680 lb) in weight, in stark contrast to its 4.3 m (14 ft) tall, 9,070 kg (20,000 lb) ancestor. Another estimate gives a shoulder height of 2.02 m (6.6 ft) and a weight of 1,350 kg (2,980 lb).