|Named By:||Gerhard Stroch in 1981|
|Time Period:||Early to Middle Eocene|
|Location:||Germany - Messel Pit|
|Size:||Around 90 centimetres long|
|Fossil(s):||Single but almost complete specimen|
|Classification:||| Chordata | Mammalia | Afredentata | Eurotamanduidae | I ||
Eurotamandua ('European tamandua') is an extinct genus of mammal that lived some 49 million years ago, during the early Eocene.
A single fossil is known, coming from the Messel Pit in southwestern Germany. It was about 90 cm (3 ft) long. It is often classified as a pangolin. When it was first discovered, it was originally thought to be an anteater, as it lacked the characteristic fused-hair scales of other pangolins. Eurotamandua's placement within the pangolins was made primarily because of a lack of the characteristic "xenarthran" joints found in all xenarthrans, such as tamanduas. Eurotamandua may still be a stem xenarthran, but likely belongs to another group entirely, the Afredentata (probably part of Afrotheria). While a distinct taxon, it is possible that Eomanis krebsi is also not a pangolin and belongs to this same group.