|Named By:||Lesueur in 1818|
|Time Period:||Lower Carboniferous|
|Location:||USA, including Kansas - Zeandale Limestone Formation, Montana - Heath Formation, and Nebraska|
|Size:||Up to 70 centimetres long|
|Fossil(s):||Almost complete individuals|
|Classification:||| Chordata | Chondrichthyes ||
|Also known as:||| Ctenopetalus occidentalis | Ctenoptychius occidentalis ||
Belantsea (named after a legendary ancestor of the Crow Nation) is a genus of extinct petalodontid cartilaginous fish that lived during the Lower Carboniferous, about 350 million years ago. Its fossils are found in the Bear Gulch Limestone lagerstatte. Its body was leaf-shaped, with muscular fins and a small tail. Such a body plan would allow for great maneuverability, but at the cost of speedy cruising. Its few, large, triangular teeth formed a beak-like arrangement that allowed it to graze bryozoans, sponges, crinoids, and other encrusting animals. The genus contains two species, B. montana and B. occidentalis.
Belantsea is the best known member of the order Petalodontiformes.