|Named By:||Agustin G. Martinelli & Ezequiel I. Vera in 2007|
|Time Period:||Late Cretaceous, 85 Ma|
|Location:||Argentina, Rio Negro Province - Bajo de la Carpa Formation|
|Fossil(s):||Partial post cranial skeleton|
|Classification:||| Chordata | Reptilia | Dinosauria | Saurischia | Theropoda | Alvarezsauroidea | Alvarezsauridae ||
Achillesaurus is a genus of alvarezsaurid theropod dinosaur from the Santonian-age Upper Cretaceous Bajo de la Carpa Formation of Rio Negro, Argentina. It was named in reference to Achilles' heel, because diagnostic features are found there for these animals. The genus was a relatively large, basal alvarezsaurid, and a contemporary of Alvarezsaurus. Achillesaurus is based on MACN-PV-RN 1116, a partial skeleton including a sacral vertebra, four tail vertebrae, part of the left thighbone, shin and foot, and the left ilium. Agustin Martinelli and Ezequiel Vera, who described the specimen, performed a phylogenetic analysis and found their new genus to be an alvarezsaurid with an unresolved relationship to Alvarezsaurus and more derived alvarezsaurids. Makovicky, Apesteguia & Gianechini (2012) argued that Achillesaurus might actually be a junior synonym of Alvarezsaurus which, according to the authors, "is known from the same formation and from which it [i.e. Achillesaurus] differs trivially".